A conversation with Andrew Halper
Since the most ancient ages, the history of refugees has been critical and sometimes impossible to manage. Thanks to a special guest, we have explored the fundamental past events about the first refugees that needed help for having escaped a difficult and tragic condition from their motherland.
Mr. Andrew Halper attended the University of British Columbia and he earned a DEA in African Law at the Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. He is a consultant on China-related matters.
In 2016, he joined the Board of Trustees of the UK Refugee Council, he also serves as a magistrate in London.
According to the UN, there are 68 and half million refugees in the world. Thanks to the Geneva Conventions, they gained some rights related to asylum and international law for humanitarian treatment. This compromise of four treaties defined also the basic rights of wartime prisoners and also for civilians near war-zone.
This data is driven by several factors: destructive of warfare, from the improvement of transports, climate change, post-colonial establishment of independent state and the protracted civil wars.
People are able to move with fake passports, permissions, and a more connected world can facilitate the transmissions from country to country.
One individual on six people is a refugee for different reasons, sometimes he or she can’t explain the reason why they are escaping and what are their plans for the future. They don’t even have the possibility to speak or explain their situation with all the truth that they have in their hearts.
According to Andrew Halper, countries have had different responses about the acceptance and hospitality for refugees; Germany is an example of a country that hosted the first wave of refugees and then followed with this policy. Another example of refugees’ tragedies is the case of Syrian refugees in Turkey. The Syrian civil war has created one of the largest episodes of human suffering of the early twenty-first century. Turkey shares a 900 km border with Syria, the country began receiving refugees in small numbers in the summer of 2011. The huge problem related to this fact concerns the lack of education for children. The future generations needs the best education because the culture does not do distinction among immigrants, refugees or business men.
In addition to this, the ability to learn a profession is beneficial and advantageous for the host countries: new refugees can contribute to the job market and a new development for the society.
They ask with a loud voice; the need of help and assistance. Sending them back is not the actual solution to solve “ruptures” of our century. They need the right to education, hospitality and safety. Refugees can be compared with the case of MS St. Louis: it was a German ocean liner infamously known for carrying more than 900 Jewish refugees from Germany in 1939 intending to debark in Cuba, where they were denied permission to land. The captain tried to find a nation for them, then they returned to various European countries and some of them took few refugees; they saved them from the Nazi’s menace. The “Voyage of the Damned” is a never-ending adventure, also today for some of refugees all around the world.