A conversation with Mrs. Joytishna Jit
A world have been open up about the legal perspective of water and “invisible boundaries” of the sea. GG students have discovered a new land to explore thanks to Mrs. Joytishna Jit.
She is responsible for lots of policy development projects in collaboration with “the Best Practice Policy Program; she has over 15 years of training and experience as scientist in the interdisciplinary areas of social and legal research. She is currently the Deputy Representative of the United Nations-Nippon Fellowship Alumni (a global network).
The guest explained in a passionate way the relationship between oceans and humans, then the maritime boundaries and ocean governance.
Three billion of people live in coastal areas, they have learnt how to survive there: infrastructures on coastal zones represent lots of opportunities for trade, there is fertile soil, salt, sand and tourism.
The nature of the coast is changing day by day, we are talking about a dynamic environment and there an incredible increase in the density of the population. The “bad face of the medal” is linked with natural disasters (hurricanes, floods, and erosion) and the vulnerability for human life and its ecosystem. The most interesting point of the first part of the presentation concerned the protection and regulation of fishing and how food coexist with sustainable behaviors. This has become an important topic even for children at school; pollution and fishing are one of the most important challenges for our days but scientists and engineers are trying to find a solution in order to assure good fish for dinner also to children of our children. Moreover, the shoreline changes are so relevant these days and they need a particular kind of attention; the landscape variation has altered human activities and the fragile equilibrium of nature.
Mrs. Jit started the second part of the conversation with an interesting question: why do we need maritime boundaries among countries?
Equal and protected boundaries are the perfect logarithm to avoid conflicts and to be good neighbors.
The “Constitution of the ocean” has been drafted because of the need to maintain order, productivity and peace and thanks to customary law and practices of treaties, countries can manage international affairs without huge problems… it is implied the invisible presence of internal economic interest.
Limits given to States are a form of responsibility to act in peace. According to EEZ (exclusiveeconomic zone), a State has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources; it can include the continental shelf.
At the end of the event she analysed the ecological aspects of ocean governance with a common law perspective. This face of life is the most curious one because of the proactive way by which humans can act with. Scholars are developing “Adaptive management”approach in order to build a robust decision making in the face of uncertainty and learning how to improve long-run outcomes.
States are looking forward to the preservation need of oceanic resources and the present population without endangering the future generations. Sea can sustain human life with social, economic and ecological services. Tourism and residential houses represent the first sector of actions; then aquaculture and fisheries are able to create jobs. Nowadays the demand is growing and the transport domestic shipping need to be more efficient; as a consequence there are lots of projects going on about the establishment of “green lines”.
All in all, BLUE-GREENeconomy is a combination of futuristic development linked with environmental and social features: these two colors represents the fragile equilibrium between destruction and life of nature.