New opportunities and Challenges: a new face of energy sector.

A conversation with Nicolò Sartori

The numerous implications of the energy sector and global challenges for renewables energies have been the main topics of the meeting. The added value given to this conversation has been given to the guest’s global perspective on the linkage between international relations and energy. Energy development, energy trilemma and sustainability are some of the multiple topics touched by Mr. Nicolò Sartori.

He has ten years of experience, in he field of research with a specialization on energy and climate security analysis. Nicolò is Adjunct Professor in “Natural Resources and Energy Security” at the Master in International Security Studies (MISS) of the University of Trento and Professional Fellow at the World Energy Council (WEC). He works on the evolution of national, European and global policies in the energy, climate and sustainable development domain.

Energy and Development: an irresistible dichotomy

The Sustainable Development Goals are 17 objectives that the world community needs to achieve in order to achieve a better and more sustainable future. In particular, goals 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), 12 (responsible consumption and production), 13 (climate action) are seen as elements that have to “walk in parallel” with Energy sector; it is fundamental to realize them by 2030.

Europe plays a relevant role as the connection with energy infrastructure and granting social interaction among different countries. interaction between north and south. Energy is a vector to promote cooperation.

It is considered a bridge between countries, an example is in Egypt, Jordan, Israel and up to Syria. Linkage is essential in order to maintain communications through gas, electricity. This is the Arab Gas Pipeline: it is a trans-regional gas built to carry natural gas, it is long 1,200 km.

In this case diplomacyis a primary resource to read crises: energy and international relations are the most important basis to re-build a society or a key to read crises; in the example of Syria is the situation after the aerial bombings. The energy production in the country has dropped to almost zero, direct-indirect losses in the energy sector are calculated in 58 billion dollars.

The energy dilemma

Energy “trilemma” is based on three main concepts: Energy Security, Energy Equity and Environmental Sustainability of Energy Systems. Find the balance between the three dimensions of the energy trilemma it is important for the competitiveness and prosperity of every country. In order to cut pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, China has promised “an energy revolution”, in order to reduce its use of coal. (it will fall to 55.3% by 2020). Also the “Energy poverty” represents an important issue from a global point of view, in particular in Africa. The Gap was filled by energy sources: they gave new expectations to the population and country.

Not only for developing countries, but energy is a vital input also for other’s economies; energy has a strong strategic and security components; it can be seen as a source of instability, vulnerability for producers and importers.

From an international point of view, the Republic of Cyprus and Turkey have been engaged in a dispute regarding their exclusive economic zones triggered by oil-gas exploration. Turkey, as a member of United Nations, claims a portion of Cyprus’s EEZ based on the conception that no island has to have full EEZ.

Current changes and trends

In this dynamic world there are lot of volatile changes and new trends: the electric power industry is in the middle of a profound transformation, generations are mutating. The request for a clean, safe and reliable energy is growing and the energy market has the duty to fulfil these claims. International relations are vital for this switch, they encourage the right feelings to accept the transition of gas market (beginning of a global market). The energy efficiency is linked with new opportunities, digitalization, decentralization, smart grids and new technologies; the energy transition redraws the geopolitical map. The changes involved in the new global trends concern: institutions, politics, finance, technological transfer, access to credit supporting new investments. This has been possible thanks to some economic instruments: sustainable mobility and circularity of exchanges.

Nicolo-SartoriThe RES revolution provides clean energy solutions for the next generations and the next leaders need to have three main characteristics: high tech potential for renewable energy generation, mineral rich countries and the possession of a large network rich of relationships between groups of consumers and producers.





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