The Israeli-Palestinian conflict: the background of the conflict and the hardships of the peace confirmation.

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is one in all the world’s longest-running and most contentious conflicts. At this stage, much attention is paid to this conflict, since the unresolved nature of this conflict situation adversely affects the event of nations within the Mideast region. Since 1948, the year the state of Israel was formed, the conflict within the Mideast has not stopped, annually taking many lives. The shortage of a political settlement creates favorable conditions for brand spanking new clashes between the opponents, which affects the whole international situation. This conflict, off from being the foremost legal, but certainly the longest international conflict that arose between the 2 small nations, has repeatedly acted as a detonator within the development of the international situation as an entire. And although in recent years this conflict has been within the shadow of other events, this doesn’t mean that it’s lost its negative impact on the world. Furthermore, in this essay I will not pick sides and will argue as a person who is independent from two parties. In many cases, we cannot analyze like, “Israeli is Justice” or “Palestinian is justice”, staying neutral will help us to understand the conflict more. In my opinion, Israelites will support Israel and Palestine is popular with Palestinians.

The current conflict dates back to the late 19th century as a territorial conflict. After the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, the area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea was divided into the State of Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip[1]. Moreover, because of the occupation of the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights by Israeli, in October 1973, Egypt and Syria made an unexpected invasion of Israel, that is how the Yom Kippur war[2] was started. At the end of the conflict, in 1979, Egypt and Israel confirmed a peace, settled by the Camp David Accords[3]. However, after the end of the territorial wars, violence and riots broke out among the Palestinians. The first Intifada in 1987[4] involved a mass of Palestinians, who live in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The 1993 Oslo Accords was the negotiator of the conflict, allowing the Palestinians to govern themselves and forming relations between the newly formed Palestinian Authority and the Israeli government. The second Intifada[5] began in 2000 due to constant Palestinian grievances. This time the uprising was more bloody and tumultuous than the first. In 2005, after a violence between Palestine and Israel, Palestinian President declared that the Palestinians would “no longer be bounded” by the Oslo Accords[6].

In 2013, the United States’ attempt to restore the peace process between the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority within the West Bank was interrupted when, in 2014, Fatah, the dominant party of the Palestine formed an united government with Hamas[7]. Since then, the process of reconciliation of the rivals has not stopped, and in October 2017 they signed an additional agreement[8].

Further, the administration of Donald J. Trump has made the Israeli-Palestinian agreement as a major concern, has not yet raised its proposal for a peace process. Donald J. Trump completely changed the long-standing policy of the US by his decision to transfer the US embassy to Jerusalem. Although, it was welcomed by the leaders of Israel, at the same time, was heavily criticized by Palestinian leaders and others in the Middle East[9].

Until the recent events between Israeli and Palestine, there were many outbursts of violence and unsteadiness. One of them is the Gaza conflict in 2014, in the Palestinian territories there was provoked a military opposition between the Israeli military and Hamas. As a result, Hamas fired thousands of missiles at Israel, and Israel counterattacked with a major attack in Gaza. This ended at the end of August 2014 with a ceasefire agreement mediated by Egypt, but only after thousands of people were killed and injured[10].

As we all know, there were proposed solutions to resolve this long-running conflict. Most popular of them are “One-State solution” and “Two-State solution”[11]. As I see, the “One-State solution” is considered difficult because there are no realistic options for both parties to agree on. Theoretically, a ‘Two-State solution” could work. However, this solution creates difficult questions to solve.

First, Jerusalem. Both sides proclaim Jerusalem, the Holy Place for Jewish, Muslim and Christian religions, as their capital. Consequently, this place cannot be divided between two countries. Second, the West Bank Frontiers. It is not clear where exactly draw the borders due to hundreds of thousands of Israeli immigrants that created suburban-style communities on the Palestinian side of the line. In my opinion, this is actually possible, however, as the time goes, the settlements will increase and expand, so it will become more difficult to solve. Third, the problem of refugees. Officially, there are seven million Palestinian refugees. They became refugees because their ancestors fled or were expelled from what is today Israel. Often Palestinian refugees ask for the “Right to Return”: allowance to return to their land and live with full rights. This sounds like an easy task, but Israel argue that if they take in seven million Palestinian returnees, then Jews will become a minority, which the Israelites will never accept. There are ideas for solving this problem, for example, financial restitution, but there is no agreement on them.  Last but not least, the safety of nations. Security needs for Palestinians are easier than for the Israelites. For Palestinians it is a sovereign Palestinian state. Conversely, the fear for Israelites is that an independent Palestine might unite with other Arab states in the Middle East to start an invasion of Israel, like the one in 1973. Moreover, the Israelites are anxious that Hamas will take over the independent West Bank and use it to attack Israel, as they did with Gaza.

In fact, these are all very difficult and serious problems. Meanwhile, the time is running out. The longer the conflict stays, the more complicated and hard it will be to resolve any of these issues, and especially all of them. Furthermore, the extremists, apathy and mistrust are growing on both sides. Violence in the conflict becomes a normal and regularly occurring event. This worsens the situation of both Israelites and Palestinians, and if they cannot end the hatred and violence to make peace, for a long time, it will maintain.

All in all, war is a very useful tool when you cannot get what you want in other ways. However, it has a very terrible feature: the war will begin when you want to begin, but it will not end when you want it to end. In order not to occupy European territory, the Jews moved to Palestine; To make way for Jews, the Palestinians moved to Syria; Now Syrian refugees are again pouring into Europe. Each debt has its own debtor, but we have found that this is a complete mess.




[1] Sanchez, Ray. “Israel’s War for Independence.” CNN. Cable News Network, 13AD.

[2] Al Jazeera. “The October Arab-Israeli War of 1973: What Happened?” Israel | Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera, October 8, 2018.

 [3] “Camp David Accords Fast Facts.” CNN. Cable News Network, September 4, 2019.

 [4] Sanchez, Ray. “Israel’s War for Independence.” CNN. Cable News Network, 13AD.

 [5] Sanchez, Ray. “Israel’s War for Independence.” CNN. Cable News Network, 13AD.

 [6] Hatuqa, Dalia. “Palestine ‘No Longer Bound’ by Agreements with Israel.” News | Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera, October 1, 2015.

 [7] Al Jazeera. “Palestinian Factions to Form Unity Government.” News | Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera, April 23, 2014.

 [8] Al Jazeera. “Hamas, Fatah Sign Reconciliation Agreement in Cairo.” News | Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera, 12 Oct. 2017,

 [9] Usher, Barbara Plett. “Jerusalem Embassy: Why Trump’s Move Was Not about Peace.” BBC News. BBC, May 15, 2018.

 [10] “Gaza Conflict 2014: ‘War Crimes by Both Sides’ – UN.” BBC News. BBC, June 22, 2015.

 [11] Heyalmacom. “What Are the Proposed Solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?” Alma. Accessed June 3, 2020.



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